1. Excretory training.
The first and most controversial training must be to train the puppy outside the house.
Excretory training is the best time to use positive reinforcement, which is the reward of all kinds of food and toys.
In addition to rewarding the pet for doing the right thing, another secret is to predict the time of the pet’s excretion.
Dogs usually after take a walk, eat, drink or play, or when you are not careful beware of discharge, if you want to make the training, will have to carefully observe the dogs to eat, drink, and to set up a safety zone, also is the place where dogs never in the discharge.
The ideal safe area is the dog’s nest.
If you don’t have a dog cage at home, try to keep the dog in the bathroom or in the laundry.
The obedience of the dog.
The use of dog obedience is an interesting topic in training.
2.Puppies are usually thought to be six months old before formal training begins.
But many puppies learn some bad behavior before they are six months old.
A puppy who is thought to be unable to learn to sit still, can learn to bite off every shoe it finds, or to jump on every guest.
It is the root of the paradox that the dog learns only the bad behavior, but the behavior is not good.
The solution lies in a thorough review of the way the dog is taught, not the dog’s ability to learn.
Traditionally, dogs have been trained to force dogs.
Although [coercion] is an effective tool for punishing serious misconduct, it is coerced.
Trying to get a dog to learn new behavior doesn’t work that well.
This compulsion is easy to suppress all behavior, not just bad;
Too early to impose too much training on a dog can lead to training failure.
To avoid this, you should focus your efforts on using positive rewards and training the right behaviors.
3. New tools
Everyone knows that when you train a dog, you need to have a clear message to the dog.
As a matter of fact, it is equally important to give a dog a good compliment when he is doing the right thing.
If there is no such signal, it is equivalent to forcing the dog to guess that the behavior can be rewarded.
The wrong way to do this is that it takes a lot of time before the dog can guess correctly, and there is no reward for trying.
Think about it: there are no rewards, and it takes a long time to succeed.
The puppy naturally chose to give up studying, and even decided that [study] was not worth the loss.
A simple signal that allows the dog to quickly make sure he’s doing the right thing, and that the reward is not out of reach;
Naturally, dogs are more likely to learn.
4.Associate the signal with the reward.
The first step to getting this signal into effect is to choose a short, easy-to-read password.
A simple example would be to reduce the number of sentences like a good dog, a puppy, and mommy’s baby.
At first, he said, “good boy,” and gave him something to eat.
Repeat about 20 times.
Note: first, the order of food is very important;
A little pause between saying good and giving food.
Soon, the dog will react to the password you choose, and begin to expect you to give it a prize.
In other words, you have successfully established the password.
Now you have a powerful tool to tell the dog quickly: it’s right.
5. Use the subject matter -.
The overwhelming majority of dogs are not happy when they are forced to sit down.
A good way to do this is to trigger the dog’s instinct to follow the target.
When a person holds some food in the dog’s nose, it naturally turns its head as the food moves.
If the food is removed, the dog will stand up and follow the food.
We can use this method to train the dog [sit] and discover the advantages of this method.
First of all, find a dog that likes to eat and is of moderate size. Remember, don’t choose a dog biscuit that is too hard or too chewy.
The dog may spend a lot of time trying to chew the prize, making the training too slow.
Sit in front of the dog and place the food on its nose and move it to the forehead.
Don’t move the food too fast, so that the dog can’t find the food.
And don’t raise the food above its head, or the dog might try to stand up with its two hind legs instead of sitting.
If the dog wants to jump on you or jump on the food, say it in your usual tone: [wrong] and get the food back quickly.
If you’re lucky, the dog will naturally lean back and sit down.
As soon as he sat down, he said “good boy” and gave him food.
If your dog doesn’t sit down, don’t be discouraged.
Because some puppies naturally retreat and even stand up to get food.
In general, if the dog does not complete the action, try to make it part of the action.
To train a dog to sit down for example, if you raise the food above its nose, its hind legs are relaxed, you should praise it and give it to it.
Continue training and try to keep the dog’s hind legs more relaxed each time.
If this continues, the dog will learn to sit down slowly.
Try not to lose patience or sit on the dog’s back.
The meaning of this training method is to induce the puppy to learn, not to force it.
If you can successfully get the dog to sit down every time, you can continue your training.
According to the following steps, could soon get surprising results: 1. The said to the dog [sat] 2. Move the food to its forehead (the dog should sit here) ahead 3. Praise it [a good] 4. Give it food.
This training can easily be extended to the action of stopping in place.
The practice is to pause for a few seconds before you say it, or step back a step or two.
If the dog wants to get up before you say it, say “yes” and do it again.
If the dog stays where it is, say “good” to it.
Give it a prize and let it know you like it.
The secret is: don’t always say to the dog: [sit down, sit down, sit down], just once is enough.
The goal of this training is to tell you the password, and the dog will respond immediately, not after two or three times.
And don’t be like the sergeant in the army, Shouting at the dog, which can avoid the fear of the dog and make it feel like learning is an interesting experience.
6. Training the puppy [coming over]
Training the dog to walk towards you when you call it is an important behavior training.
The following steps can be quickly learned by the dog: 1. Ask the dog to sit down.
Say [come] to the dog.
Put the prize under your feet and make sure the dog sees the prize.
The puppy should get up and come over to eat the prize.
Say “good” to the dog before it touches the prize.
7. Lengthen the dog’s sitting time, and the distance between the prize and the puppy.
Try to say [come] to the dog outside of training.
Seven, how to use punishment!
When training a puppy, you must establish the idea that punishment is used to correct inappropriate behavior.
Over the past few years, [punishment] has become almost taboo.
Many people think that punishment is cruel or even useless training tool.
In fact, punishment is quite effective when it is used in the right way and the right time.
The traditional punishment, usually after the dog has made a long mistake, is given to the owner’s mood.
This old style of punishment is more about revenge than training.
It is quite respectable to train the dog in a completely positive way, but it is rare to know how to use it properly and to achieve training goals.
In untrained frustration, most owners resort to old-fashioned punishment, such as a spanking.
Ironically, despite the shift in the social climate, the traditional punishment is no longer used, but the examples of animal cruelty have increased.
To break this paradox, we have to rethink the moral values we hold about [punishment] and how to use this powerful training tool properly.
We usually think of a virtuous person who would never inflict pain on his own dog.
But this argument is good in theory, but in practice it is impossible.
Take the dog to see the vet as an example: we let the vet give the puppy a needle, draw blood, rough touch to touch;
By the time the dog is big enough, it may even have to get a knife and perform a ligation.
It would be hypocritical if we were to keep the dog from suffering.
We make dogs uncomfortable and even painful for good health reasons.
He was not willing to punish the dog for training.
To change this prejudice, we must revise our moral values, to be principled rather than hypocritical (not to inflict pain on the dog).
8. Correct the habit of jumping on people.
For example, if you want to correct your dog’s habit of jumping on a guest, you don’t have to hurt it.
First, you have to find something that the dog really doesn’t like – like a water gun or a spray tube filled with water.
Then, try to get the puppy to associate the water gun with the signal [which can’t be done].
[no] this password is telling the dog that it will be punished.
The timing is important: you have to tell the dog that the action can be delayed for a few seconds.
For example: the dog pounced on the man.
The dog began to jump.
Say no to it.
Spray water on the dog.
Ignore it for a moment (about one to two minutes)
Continue the process until the dog stops jumping.
When the dog starts to jump next time, say “sit down”.
If it sits down, give it a prize.
It should be noted that although the general training code is the dog doing the right, it is rewarded;
But in fact, if the dog accidentally associates the reward with the wrong pattern of behavior, it can cause problems.
For example: the puppy jumps on the mother, the mother shouts loudly [cannot] and the dog water, the puppy obediently sits down, the mother gives it the reward.
The dog may mistakenly assume that as long as it can tolerate the feeling of being sprayed, it will be rewarded by its owner.
It is better to wait until the bad behavior is completely corrected before giving the prize for reinforcement.
9. Prevent dog bites.
Another way to apply the penalty education method is to prevent dog bites.
The first line of defense is not to let the dog touch the wrong thing.
Put your shoes in the closet and close the door.
Take expensive books to the bookcase and don’t put them on the coffee table.
In a word, keep everything that is precious away from the puppy.
But while it’s a good idea to put things away, there are two fatal flaws in this approach.
First of all, this does not teach the puppy to avoid dangerous things and places.
Second, most owners underestimate the ability of a dog to look for chewing.
The only way to make sure that the dog is safe is to teach it something that is safe to play, something to keep away from.
The first step in training is to start by teaching the dog that it is not possible.
If the timing is right or not, good training can be used in this training – extension cord.
One of the most dangerous things to do is to wrap a rubber insulated wire on a completely unsuspecting puppy.
In the case of a puppy, the sense of touch and bite is exactly the same as that of a general electric appliance, except that the extension cord is not plugged in.
Put the extension cord in front of the dog and then out of sight, into the corner, and observe its movements (also using a mirror).
Once the puppy finds the new toy and starts to bite, say, “no!”
And spray it with water;
Then he took a fluffy toy and bit it.
Practice this practice regularly until it becomes taboo.
The same method can be used to prevent dogs from biting shoes, books, magazines or other things.
If you continue to teach the dog what to chew with praise or touch, it will reduce the number of bites.
10. Limit the scope of puppy activities.
If you want to stop your puppy wandering around, set a limit that you can never cross.
Many people use fencing to keep the dog in, but while the fence can close the dog, it is very inconvenient to use.
It is better to use a rope to limit the scope of the puppy’s action.
First, buy a colored rope at the hardware store.
Then put a small cut in the doorway or porch.
Put the dog on one side of the rope and sit on the other side of the rope.
When the puppy wants to cross the rope, say “no” to it and spray it with water.
Put the dog back on the other side of the rope, and when the puppy wants to cross the rope again, say no and spray it.
Repeat this exercise until the dog knows that you can’t cross the rope.
Gradually increase the perimeter of the rope until the rope surrounds the entire house.
Soon, you no longer need a hedge or something, and instead you build a hedge in the heart of a puppy.
Early training is the foundation.
If you want a dog with good behavior, it is necessary to train early.
Sending puppies to specialized training schools and personal trainers is an effective way to train.
Start training the puppy early, and when it grows up, it can be a proud dog.
Instead of a dog that’s been protesting everywhere, and even forcing you to move.